Aldersgate Street

Aldersgate Street
   North from St. Martin's le Grand at No.62 to Goswell Road (P.O. Directory). In Aldersgate Ward Without, but the northern end lies outside the City boundary, in the Borough of Finsbury.
   First mention found in records : " Aldredes-gate Street," 44 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1953).
   Other forms of name : " Aldresgatestrete," 33 Ed. I. (Cal. L. Bk. B. p.129). " Aldrichesgate Street," 1332 (Ct. H.W. I.382). Aldergatestrete," 1349 (ib. 620). " Aiderichegatestrete," 1361 (ib. 11.28). " Aldirgastrete," 1383 (lb. 237). " AldersgateStreete" (S. 311).
   In Rocque's map 1746 the northern portion from the Barbican to the Bars is called Pick-axe Street," and in Stow and Strype, " Goswell Street." Aldersgate Street" in Horwood, 1799.
   Shaftesbury Place, Lauderdale Buildings and Westmoreland Buildings all in this Ward commemorate some of the famous houses which stood in this street in earlier times.
   Named after the Gate of Aldersgate.
   In the course of excavations for building the French Protestant Church at the eastern end of Bull and Mouth Street, in 1841, portions of Roman buildings were discovered. A portion of the wall ran east to west, and its continuation under the pavement indicated the exact spot where the northern gate of the City stood. A base of flint stones was found at a depth of 11 1/2 feet from the surface, 1 ft. 6 in. in height, on which rested layers of angular uncut stones imbedded in mortar, 4 ft. 6 in. high, covered by two courses of tiles; above the tiles was a ragstone wall 2 ft. 6 ins. high surmounted by two courses of tiles and another course of ragstone terminating 18 ins. under the pavement at that date. The height of the wall was 10 ft., varying in width from 9 1/2 ft. at the base to 6 ft. at the top. The wall was apparently bounded by a ditch on the north, as the workmen had to excavate 20 ft. deep for a foundation through black earth or sediment. Similar walls, etc., were found on the opposite side of Aldersgate Street, being continued to the bastion in Cripplegate Churchyard (Arch. XXX. 522-4. R. Smith, 55).
   A Roman wall was found at a depth of 6 ft. 9 in. extending from Aldersgate Street to King Edward Street. A line of buildings based on this wall formed the southern boundary of St. Botolph's Church. It is probable that the church and churchyard occupy the site of the Town Ditch. The length of the wall was 131 ft., height 11-12 ft. A tower also found was apparently of later date (Arch. LII. 609 et seq.).

A Dictionary of London. . 1918.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aldersgate Street Station —    On the west side of Aldersgate Street at No.135, at its junction with Long Lane (P.O. Directory). In Aldersgate Ward Without.    First mention (O.S. 1875).    Erected about 1865 Occupied the site of Red Lyon Inn, Cock Inn, etc …   Dictionary of London

  • Aldersgate Street — noun a street leading north from London Wall towards Clerkenwell …   Wiktionary

  • Glass House Yard, Aldersgate Street —    In Pickax Street (Strype, ed. 1755 Boyle, 1799). In parish of St. Botolph without Aldersgate, 36 Chas. II.    Mentioned in Middlesex Sessions Roll (Midd. Co. Rec. IV. 256).    By the Bars in Aldersgate Street (W. Stow, 1722).    Glasshouse… …   Dictionary of London

  • Ball Alley, Aldersgate Street —    East out of Aldersgate Street, in Aldersgate Ward Without, near the Gate (Hatton, 1708 Boyle, 1799).    The site is now occupied by Falcon Street (q.v.).    Name derived from the sign …   Dictionary of London

  • Aldersgate Day — is a holiday celebrated by Methodists on May 24 to commemorate the day in 1738 when John Wesley experienced his conversion in a meeting room on Aldersgate Street, London.According to his journal, Wesley found that his enthusiastic gospel message… …   Wikipedia

  • The Katherine Wheel, Aldersgate Street —    A capital messuage called the Katheryne Wheale, in parish of St. Botolph without Aldersgate, in the ward of Aldersgate between the great ditch under the walls of London east and the highway called Aldersgate strete west, 1 Ed. VI. 1547 (Lond.… …   Dictionary of London

  • Aldersgate — infobox UK place official name= Ward of Aldersgate map type= Greater London country= England region= London london borough= City of London latitude= 51.51878 longitude= 0.09748 os grid reference= TQ321817 post town= LONDON postcode area= EC… …   Wikipedia

  • Aldersgate — 51° 31′ 01″ N 0° 05′ 49″ W / 51.517, 0.0969 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aldersgate College — Infobox University name = Aldersgate College motto = Truth established = 1965 type = Private president = Junifen F. Gauuan location = Solano, Nueva Vizcaya country = Philippines colors = Yellow and Green website = [http://www.aldersgate… …   Wikipedia

  • Aldersgate Ward School —    Behind 77 Little Britain; a few doors from Aldersgate Street (Lockie, 1810). Founded in 1702 for children and adults, or children only of the poorer classes in the parish of St. Botolph, Aldersgate.    Amalgamated with the National Schools in… …   Dictionary of London

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”